What Is Urticaria?
Urticaria (more commonly known as “hives”) is a skin disease which appears in the form of blisters or irritations of red color which are bring about itching in the affected area. The symptoms can appear at any spot on the body, male or female (although women usually are slightly more vulnerable to the disease). Their shape and size varies, however, they usually extend from some millimeters to some inches in diameter. An interesting fact is that the signs of the spots are not stable and they also have the tendency to change size within a days’ time, meaning that they can disappear from the area you first spot them and appear in an other place (this is known as “ordinary urticaria”; we ‘ll talk about it later). As anyone can easily realize, urticaria can be extremely annoying and affect an individual’s appearance in a great extend. And, due to the fact that almost a quarter of the planet’s population is likely to have urticaria at some point of their life, the urticaria treatment is undoubtedly of major importance.
Before we get to array a number of helpful medical advice which would help you deal with urticaria, we will make a brief presentation of the most common forms of the disease as well as its causes.
Urticaria Types and Urticaria Causes
Generally, hives are caused by the release of histamine from the mast cells, which brings about fluid leak from the blood vessels; eventually, the skin starts swelling and in these areas causing irritation.
Ordinary Urticaria is characterized from the fact that the symptoms appear in a sudden and intense way, itching and swelling, only to fade during a day’s time span like they never existed and, sometimes, they come back later! They also appear in random areas, disappear and then appear elsewhere. In most cases, there is no specific reason for their appearance and this situation can last from days to 6-8 weeks.
Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria describes this specific kind of the disease when the symptoms insist and last for a time span greater than two months while the cause is either not known or can be attributed to viral infections, allergic reactions or recently taken medications.
Another common type of this dermal disorder is Physical Urticaria. This is distinguished by the formation of red and itchy bumps and it is attributed to
the clothes which comes to an intense contact with the skin.
Finally, Solar Urticaria is characterized by the appearance of erythema and wheal and is triggered, as the name reveals, by long-term exposure to sunlight. The best solar urticaria treament to force the symptoms fade away is to stop exposing your body to the sun!
Although the exact way of Urticaria treatment varies according to the type of the disease, the passe-partout is the use of antihistamines. This kind of medication aids in compensating for the leak of histamine which, as we mentioned previously, is the main cause of the majority of Urticaria types. Therefore, antihistamines like Diphenhydramine, Loratadine, Hydroxyzine (like Vistaril or Atarax), Cetirizine (such as Zyrtec) as well as Cyproheptadine and Fexofenadine (with the last two requiring prescription) are the most appropriate solutions. The bad aspect of these forms of medications is a feeling of numbness and dizziness which comes as a side-effect. A more effective way of treatment include the use of steroids which, however, are dangerous when applied for a long time. Furthermore, a point that should not be neglected is that in most cases (Ordinary/Solar Urticaria), in which the disease goes away on its own, the target of the urticaria treatment is merely the decrepitude of the annoying symptoms; therefore, the use of creams and lotions is recommended for this purpose.
It has been found that there are a lot of individuals, who are not well acquainted with the term papular urticaria. However, it is very crucial for you to have a clear understanding of this disease, since it would help you to protect your family, especially your kids from getting affected by it. It is actually a skin disease, caused owing to various insects’ bites. It is extremely vital for you to treat papular urticaria on time, since delayed treatment can lead to severe complications. Lack of proper treatment can cause excessive swelling of face and intense itching sensation.
Papular Urticaria Causes
This kind of a skin ailment is mostly caused as a result of bites from different insects, such as mosquitoes, bedbugs and fleas. It has found that papular urticaria mostly occur during spring and summer months. Anyone can get affected by this disease, irrespective of sex or race. However, it has been found to be more prevalent among children. This particular skin disease appears in the form of tiny, round shaped swellings, normally light pink in color
Papular Urticaria Treatment
The treatments for papular urticaria mainly begins with appropriate diagnose. Once the cause and severity of the disease has been identified, then one can avail the most effective form of treatment to get relieve from it. The methods of treatment used to cure this disease need to be of conservative nature. In most cases, the treatment is problem solving. During treatment, it is extremely important to use insect repellents even while going outside. If you have pets then it is crucial for you to keep them free from flea and tick.
The outbreak of papular urticaria mostly causes agonizing itching sensation, in the majority cases. The best possible ways to get relieve from severe itching sensation is by means of mild current steroids. The most effective medication that can help to cure this type of skin disease is the use of antihistamines. Nevertheless, in specific instances for temporary treatment, regular corticosteroid might not prove sufficient. This is mainly because of the fact that this disease is quite critical. In such cases, one can use antibiotics like topical or systemic to prevent the worsening of the disease.
When using medicines such as steroids and antibiotics, you need to be extremely careful. This is for the reason that, as mentioned antibiotics, diseases like papular urticaria are more common among small children. As a result, if these prescribed drugs are not used cautiously then they can have a serious effect on small kids.
It is extremely important for you to use the right medication at the right time, in order to get quick relieve from a severe skin problem like papular urticaria. Neglecting the disease for long can completely change the way you look. Ignorance on your part, in earlier stages, can prove be enormously detrimental in later stages. Hence, the moment you find the emergence of a few wheals or small round pink swellings on your face or neck, you must straight away seek advice from your doctor so as to prevent the worsening of the symptoms.
Delayed Pressure Urticaria
Delayed Pressure Urticaria is not a common condition and it can occur within minutes of the applied pressure or up to 3-12 hours afterward. This delay in reaction has given rise to the pseudonym for this condition, Delayed Pressure Urticaria. The normal duration of the urticaria once formed is 8-72 hours. This condition is most commonly manifested in areas of the skin that are subjected to pressure such as the hands, legs, face, or torso each of which can be pressured with tight clothing or as is the case with the face, a pillow or blanket.
Delayed Pressure Urticaria Symptoms
Urticaria itself is in its most simple description a rash that occurs on the surface of the skin. This rash can be localized to a specific area or it can appear all over the body. In the case of Delayed Pressure Urticaria it is most common for the urticaria to be local to the area that was subjected to the pressure. When urticaria forms it develops as visible round or irregular amoeba shaped raised bumps or wheals that are flat yet raised above the skin. The borders and surface can be rough, but more commonly they are smooth on the surface and rounded and smooth on their border. Most urticaria is dry but it is not unheard of for the area to develop fluids and “ooze”. Once aspect of urticaria that is a consistent characteristic is the fact that the area of the outbreak will itch.
Delayed Pressure Urticaria Causes
The exact pathogenesis of this condition is not clear. There has not been any specific allergen, virus, or other common factor identified. The rarity of the condition and the fact that oftentimes those that are affected ignore the condition and do not seek out medical attention make it difficult to consistently study. Similar to acute psoriases or eczema, though these conditions are much more common, many patients ignore the condition if it is periodic and not chronic and consistently present. The rarity of the condition is illustrated with one study which found that of over 2300 patients that already had urticaria, only 2% showed any signs of Delayed Pressure Urticaria. In other words this is not a 2% occurrence within the general population, it is a 2% occurrence within those that already experience urticaria, therefore the condition is very rare.
The condition itself appears equally in men and women and while the age range for identified patients is ages 5-63 the most common occurrence of this uncommon condition is in those ages 20-40. The quality of life for those with the condition can be affected, but is not debilitating nor is it a condition that normally stops one from functioning within mainstream society. It is not common for Delayed Pressure Urticaria to even become nearly as socially damaging as some more severe cases of psoriasis and eczema. In fact, the temporary nature of the “flare-ups” make Delayed Pressure Urticaria much easier to manage socially.
In severe and rare cases of Delayed Pressure Urticaria the wheals can move beyond simple itching and become painful or produce a burning sensation. In these cases it is also common for a patient to experience other symptoms such as fatigue, chills, headache, or fever. In these situations a patient should seek medical attention because in the accompaniment of more severe symptoms show that the Delayed Pressure Urticaria itself is not the extent of an individual’s condition. It too is a symptom of something more serious occurring within the individual’s internal systems.
Delayed Pressure Urticaria Treatment
Sufferers have to stay away from activities that may trigger urticaria, mostly during the period the urticaria is acute! Besides they should avoid Wearing tight clothes. Of course before you do anything you have to speak with a specialist dermatologist in order to find out the causes of the disease.
The patient should consider using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or systemic corticosteroids meds of course after speaking to his doctor!
Besides some sufferers find relief in consuming chloroquine. Some other relief factors are dapsone, montelukast, or colchicine!
Urticaria is a skin rash that is oftentimes referred to as hives. Hives are characterized by the appearance of pale red round or irregular shaped bumps that form in groups and patches on the skin. There are times when the density of the hives are high enough that the appearance of individual bumps are not discernible and therefore the rash looks like a single solid area. Hives can also appear as irregular shaped flattened raised sections on the skin that have a faint reddish appearance and rounded ridges on their border. The common thread with all types of hives is that they typically itch and the same happens with Exercise Urticaria.
Exercise Urticaria Definition
Exercise Urticaria is when you are experience this type of rash as a direct result of exercise. This condition is common with individuals that are involved in cardiovascular routines such as jogging, aerobics, or running.
If you experience this condition it is critical to seek medical attention because the hives themselves are a manifestation of an underlying cause. In other words, the hives are a warning sign from your body that something else within your internal systems is not properly functioning.
Exercise Urticaria is actually a rare condition and though the subject of various studies beginning in the 1970′s, the specific causes are as varied as the individuals that develop the condition. The symptoms themselves can quickly move beyond simple urticaria and into serious manifestations including hypo-tension, loss of consciousness, up to and including death.
The level of exercise necessary to induce exercise urticaria is dependent upon the patient. In fact, cases have been identified at all stages of activity and within individuals of various athletic ability. It has been found that in some cases the ingestion of particular medication or specific foods can contribute to the condition in certain individuals. Some of the research has specifically pointed to non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs as a common cause and yet other studies point to such seemingly benign causation factors as the eating of cheese, seafood, or wheat.
While these particular elements have been shown to have mild correlation to the condition, it has yet to be proven whether in this particular case that correlation can be considered to be causation. The primary problem with the research of this condition is that the condition itself is very rare and in fact can oftentimes go undiagnosed and untreated.
Exercise Urticaria Treatment
The key to Exercise Urticaria is in identifying if a particular person truly is experiencing urticaria due to exercise or some other closely related cause. While exercise urticaria itself can be a very serious and life threatening condition, experiencing urticaria due to irritation of clothing or other secondary effects of exercise is not life threatening.
When noting a rash that can can be reasonably identified as urticaria during exercise, note the general area of the rash and the materials and equipment that touch that particular area. Clothing, exercise towels, and even the parts of exercise equipment are all made of particular materials that a person can have an allergic reaction to with contact. This is particularly the case when considering the chemicals that are used to clean these items whether they be fabric softeners, detergents, or cleaning spray for equipment. Any of these chemicals can leave trace elements than can create a urticaria in a person that is exercising that is not in fact Exercise Urticaria.
Different Forms of Physical Urticaria
Physical urticaria is a skin disorder, in which there is an unexpected burst of skin rash, as soon as the skin gets stimulated physically. There are different types of physical urticaria and the occurrence of each type depends on the nature of the stimulus, which was physically produced. The different forms of this type of skin condition are briefly described below.
- Dermographism- This is possibly the most widespread form of physical urticaria. This particular skin condition is normally triggered as soon as pressure is physically applied on the skin surface. It can transpire when you rub your skin very hard with a towel or with a foreign object. At times even the slightest pressure applied on skin can cause dermographism. This type of a skin syndrome is also known as skin writing urticaria. This is mainly because when you write on the skin of a person suffering from this type of condition, the hives that emerge automatically would take the shape of the writing. To prevent this you need to avoid creating friction or applying pressure on the skin surface.
- Cholinergic physical urticaria- This is another type of physical urticaria and is generally triggered because of sweating, which results in bumps and heat rash. The intensity of this type of skin condition differs from one individual to another and generally continues for not more than an hour. This skin syndrome can aggravate due to excessive formation of sweat. The best way to get rid of this problem is by simply having a cold water shower. You also need to control your emotions, since excessive emotions can lead to severe urticaria outbreaks.
- Cold physical urticaria- This is one of the rarest form of physical urticaria. This condition transpires when an individual’s skin gets exposed to chilly winds, cold rains, snow, or even freezing water. Rashes normally emerge on body parts, which have been overly exposed to extreme cold. The severity of this kind of syndrome depends on the degree of exposure. The most excellent technique by which you can control cold urticaria is by guarding your skin from colder weather conditions, by covering it with the right type of clothing.